CITATION RULES

A MONOGRAPH WITH ONE AUTHOR

A MONOGRAPH WITH MORE THAN ONE AUTHOR

A MONOGRAPH WITH MORE THAN THREE AUTHORS

A MONOGRAPH WITH NO AUTHOR

A MONOGRAPH PUBLISHED IN VARIOUS EDITIONS

AN ELECTRONIC VERSION OF A MONOGRAPH AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD

AN ARTICLE IN THE PRINT EDITION OF A ACADEMIC JOURNAL OR AN ARTICLE DOWNLOADED IN AN ELECTRONIC VERSION IDENTICAL WITH THE PRINTED ONE – ACCESSIBLE VIA ACADEMIC CITATION DATABASES (E.G. PROQUEST, SAGE JOURNALS ONLINE, WILEY-BLACKWELL)

AN ARTICLE IN A JOURNAL PUBLISHED ONLINE

AN ARTICLE OR A CHAPTER IN EDITED (ALSO CONFERENCE) PROCEEDINGS WITH ONE EDITOR

AN ARTICLE OR A CHAPTER IN EDITED (ALSO CONFERENCE) PROCEEDINGS WITH MORE THAN ONE EDITOR

AN ARTICLE OR A CHAPTER IN AN ELECTRONIC VERSION OF EDITED (ALSO CONFERENCE) PROCEEDINGS WITH ONE EDITOR

AN ARTICLE OR A CHAPTER IN AN ELECTRONIC VERSION OF EDITED (ALSO CONFERENCE) PROCEEDINGS WITH MORE

A SO FAR UNPUBLISHED PAPER PRESENTED AT A SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE

AN ARTICLE IN THE PRESS (NEWSPAPERS, JOURNALS AND MAGAZINES)

AN ARTICLE IN AN ELECTRONIC VERSION OF THE PRESS (ONLINE VERSIONS OF NEWSPAPERS, JOURNALS AND MAGAZINES

A WEBSITE OR AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON THE INTERNET WITH NO AUTHOR

A WEBSITE OR AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON THE INTERNET WITH AUTHOR´S NAME AVAILABLE

AN OFFICIAL DOCUMENT AVAILABLE ON THE INTERNET IN FULL VERSION

WEBLOG

A GRAPHIC COMPONENT, A PHOTOGRAPH, A TABLE OR A GRAPH (AVAILABLE ONLINE)

A GRADUATION THESIS – DISSERTATION, HABILITATION, ETC.ON, HABILITATION ETC.

AN ELECTRONIC VERSION OF A GRADUATION THESIS AVAILABLE ON THE INTERNET

AN ACCOMPANYING MATERIAL TO LECTURES, ACADEMIC COURSES OR OTHER TEACHING ACTIVITIES (ITS ELECTRONIC VERSIONS INCLUDED)

MULTIMEDIA FORMATS AVAILABLE ON THE INTERNET (AUDIO, VIDEO)

AN AUDIO OR VIDEO PODCAST

A TELEVISION OR RADIO PROGRAMME

A TRACK ON CD

A MEDIA CONTENT ON DVD

A MONOGRAPH WITH ONE AUTHOR

Footnote Reference:
KELLNER, D.: Media Spectacle. New York, London : Routledge, 2003, p. 15.

Reference in Bibliography:
KELLNER, D.: Media Spectacle. New York, London : Routledge, 2003.

A MONOGRAPH WITH MORE THAN ONE AUTHOR

Footnote Reference:
TRILLING, B., FADEL, CH.: 21st century skills: learning for life in our times.San Francisco : Jossey- Bass, 2009, p. 69.

Reference in Bibliography:
TRILLING, B., FADEL, CH.: 21st century skills: learning for life in our times.San Francisco : Jossey- Bass, 2009.

A MONOGRAPH WITH MORE THAN THREE AUTHORS

Footnote Reference:
LISTER, M. et al.: New Media: A critical introduction.2nd Edition. Abingdon : Routledge, 2009, p. 13.

Reference in Bibliography:
LISTER, M. et al.: New Media: A critical introduction.2nd Edition. Abingdon : Routledge, 2009.

A MONOGRAPH WITH NO AUTHOR

Footnote Reference:
Title of a monograph. Place of edition : Publisher, year of edition, page.

Reference in Bibliography:
Title of a monograph. Place of edition : Publisher, year of edition.

A MONOGRAPH PUBLISHED IN VARIOUS EDITIONS

Footnote Reference:
HARTLEY, J.: Communication, Cultural and Media Studies: Key Concepts. 3rd Edition. New York, London : Routledge, 2002, p. 180.

Reference in Bibliography:
HARTLEY, J.: Communication, Cultural and Media Studies: Key Concepts. 3rd Edition. New York, London : Routledge, 2002.

AN ELECTRONIC VERSION OF A MONOGRAPH AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD

Footnote Reference:
MANOVICH, L.: The Language of New Media. Boston : MIT Press, 2001. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <http://www.manovich.net/LNM/Manovich.pdf>.

Reference in Bibliography:
MANOVICH, L.: The Language of New Media. Boston : MIT Press, 2001. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <http://www.manovich.net/LNM/Manovich.pdf>.

AN ARTICLE IN THE PRINT EDITION OF A ACADEMIC JOURNAL OR AN ARTICLE DOWNLOADED IN AN ELECTRONIC VERSION IDENTICAL WITH THE PRINTED ONE – ACCESSIBLE VIA ACADEMIC CITATION DATABASES (E.G. PROQUEST, SAGE JOURNALS ONLINE, WILEY-BLACKWELL)

Footnote Reference:
KAČINOVÁ, V.: Media Competence as a Cross-Curricular Competence. In Communication Today,2018, Vol. 9, No. 1, p. 38.

Reference in Bibliography:
KAČINOVÁ, V.: Media Competence as a Cross-Curricular Competence. In Communication Today, 2018, Vol. 9, No. 1, p. 38-57. ISSN 1338-130X.

AN ARTICLE IN A JOURNAL PUBLISHED ONLINE

Footnote Reference:
SURNAME, N.: Article name. In Journal name, year of edition, Vol. xy, No. xy, cited page. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: < URL/electronic address information >.

Reference in Bibliography:
SURNAME, N.: Article name. In Journal name, year of edition, Vol. xy, No. xy, range of article´s pages. ISSN. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: < URL/electronic address information >.

AN ARTICLE OR A CHAPTER IN EDITED (ALSO CONFERENCE) PROCEEDINGS WITH ONE EDITOR

Footnote Reference:
LULL, J.: Superculture for the Communication Age. In LULL, J. (ed.): Culture in the Communication Age. London, New York : Routledge, 2001, p. 133.

Reference in Bibliography:
LULL, J.: Superculture for the Communication Age. In LULL, J. (ed.): Culture in the Communication Age. London, New York : Routledge, 2001, p. 132-165.

AN ARTICLE OR A CHAPTER IN EDITED (ALSO CONFERENCE) PROCEEDINGS WITH MORE THAN ONE EDITOR

Footnote Reference:
ZILLMANN, D.: The Coming of Media Entertainment. In ZILLMANN, D., VORDERER, P. (eds.): Media Entertainment: The Psychology of Its Appeal. Mahwah, London : Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000, p. 6.

Reference in Bibliography:
ZILLMANN, D.: The Coming of Media Entertainment. In ZILLMANN, D., VORDERER, P. (eds.): Media Entertainment: The Psychology of Its Appeal. Mahwah, London : Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000, p. 1-20.

AN ARTICLE OR A CHAPTER IN AN ELECTRONIC VERSION OF EDITED (ALSO CONFERENCE) PROCEEDINGS WITH ONE EDITOR

Footnote Reference:
SURNAME, N.: Article name. In SURNAME, N. (ed.): Title of proceedings. Place of edition : Publisher, posting date, page range. [online]. [Date of access, yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <URL/electronic address information>.

Reference in Bibliography:
SURNAME, N.: Article name. In SURNAME, N. (ed.): Title of proceedings. Place of edition : Publisher, year of edition, range of article´s pages.  ISBN. [online]. [Date of access, yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <URL/electronic address information>.

AN ARTICLE OR A CHAPTER IN AN ELECTRONIC VERSION OF EDITED (ALSO CONFERENCE) PROCEEDINGS WITH MORE EDITORS

Footnote Reference:
SURNAME, N.: Article name. In SURNAME, N., SURNAME, N. (eds.): Proceedings name. Place of edition : Publisher, year of edition, cited page. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <URL/electronic address information>.

Reference in Bibliography:
SURNAME, N.: Article name. In SURNAME, N., SURNAME, N. (eds.): Proceedings name. Place of edition : Publisher, year of edition, article’s page range. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <URL/electronic address information>.

A SO FAR  UNPUBLISHED PAPER PRESENTED AT A SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE

Footnote Reference:
SURNAME, N.:Article name. Paper presented at International scientific conference Megatrends and Media 2013 with subtitle Cultivation of Media – Opportunities and Barriers. Smolenice, presented on 27th March 2013.

Reference in Bibliography:
SURNAME, N.:Article name.Paper presented at International scientific conference Megatrends and Media 2013 with subtitle Cultivation of Media – Opportunities and Barriers. Smolenice, presented on 27th March 2013.

AN ARTICLE IN THE PRESS (NEWSPAPERS, JOURNALS AND MAGAZINES)

Footnote Reference:
SURNAME, N.: Article’s nameIn Magazine’s name, year of edition, Vol. xy, No. xy, p. xy.

Reference in Bibliography:
SURNAME, N.: Article’s nameIn Magazine’s name, year of edition, Vol. xy, No. xy, article’s page range. ISSN.

AN ARTICLE IN AN ELECTRONIC VERSION OF THE PRESS (ONLINE VERSIONS OF NEWSPAPERS, JOURNALS AND MAGAZINES)

Footnote Reference:
SURNAME, N.: Article’s name. Released on Day Month Year. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <URL>.

Reference in Bibliography:
SURNAME, N.: Article’s name. Released on Day Month Year. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <URL>.

A WEBSITE OR AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON THE INTERNET WITH NO AUTHOR

Footnote Reference:
Worldwide Grosses. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <http://www.boxofficemojo.com/alltime/world/>.

Reference in Bibliography:
Worldwide Grosses. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <http://www.boxofficemojo.com/alltime/world/>.

A WEBSITE OR AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON THE INTERNET WITH AUTHOR´S NAME AVAILABLE

Footnote Reference:
KELLNER, D.: Cultural Studies, Multiculturalism, and Media Culture. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <http://pages.gseis.ucla.edu/faculty/kellner/papers/SAGEcs.htm>.

Reference in Bibliography:
KELLNER, D.: Cultural Studies, Multiculturalism, and Media Culture. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd].  Available at: <http://pages.gseis.ucla.edu/faculty/kellner/papers/SAGEcs.htm>.

AN OFFICIAL DOCUMENT AVAILABLE ON THE INTERNET IN FULL VERSION

Footnote Reference:
Document’s name [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <URL>.

Reference in Bibliography:
Document’s name [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <URL>.

WEBLOG

Footnote Reference:
SURNAME, N.: Article’s name. Released on Day Month Year. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <URL>.

Reference in Bibliography:
SURNAME, N.: Article’s name. Released on Day Month Year. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <URL>.

A GRAPHIC COMPONENT, A PHOTOGRAPH, A TABLE OR A GRAPH  (AVAILABLE ONLINE)

Footnote Reference:
Photograph’s/Table’s/Graph’s name. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at:  <URL>.

Reference in Bibliography:
Photograph’s/Table’s/Graph’s name. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at:  <URL>.

A GRADUATION THESIS – DISSERTATION, HABILITATION, ETC.ON, HABILITATION ETC.

Footnote Reference:
SURNAME, N.: Thesis’s name. [Dissertation Thesis]. Place of edition : Publisher, year, cited page.

Reference in Bibliography:
SURNAME, N.: Thesis’s name. [Dissertation Thesis]. Place of edition : Publisher, year. Number of pages.

AN ELECTRONIC VERSION OF A GRADUATION THESIS AVAILABLE ON THE INTERNET

Footnote Reference:
SURNAME, N.: Thesis’s name. [Dissertation Thesis]. Place of edition : Publisher, year, cited page. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <URL>.

Reference in Bibliography:
SURNAME, N.: Thesis’s name. [Dissertation Thesis]. Place of edition : Publisher, year. Number of pages. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at <URL>.

AN ACCOMPANYING MATERIAL TO LECTURES, ACADEMIC COURSES OR OTHER TEACHING ACTIVITIES (ITS ELECTRONIC VERSIONS INCLUDED)

Footnote Reference:
SURNAME, N.: Name of document/lecture. [Electronic Document]. Place of edition : Publisher, year, cited page.

Reference in Bibliography:
SURNAME, N.: Name of document/lecture. [Electronic Document]. Place of edition : Publisher, year. Number of pages.

MULTIMEDIA FORMATS AVAILABLE ON THE INTERNET (AUDIO, VIDEO)

Footnote Reference:
Oprah Interviews J. K. Rowling (Full Video) HD. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pxh2sgg_iyA>.

Reference in Bibliography:
Oprah Interviews J. K. Rowling (Full Video) HD. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pxh2sgg_iyA>.

AN AUDIO OR VIDEO PODCAST

Footnote Reference:
SURNAME, N. (ed.): Name of podcast. Broadcast on Day Month Year. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <URL>.

Reference in Bibliography:
SURNAME, N. (ed.): Name of podcast. Broadcast on Day Month Year. [online]. [yyyy-mm-dd]. Available at: <URL>.

A TELEVISION OR RADIO PROGRAMME

Footnote Reference:
KREJČA, H. (Director of the Centre of News and Current Affairs): Televízne noviny. [The Main Evening Newscasting Programme of TV Markíza]. Broadcast on 28th September 2013. Bratislava : Televízia Markíza, 2013.

Reference in Bibliography:
KREJČA, H. (Director of the Centre of News and Current Affairs): Televízne noviny. [The Main Evening Newscasting Programme of TV Markíza]. Broadcast on 28th September 2013. Bratislava : Televízia Markíza, 2013.

A TRACK ON CD

Footnote Reference:
ADELE: Someone Like You. Track No. 11 on the Studio Album 21 by Adele. [CD]. New York : Columbia Records, 2011.

Reference in Bibliography:
ADELE: Someone Like You. Track No. 11 on the Studio Album 21 by Adele. [CD]. New York : Columbia Records, 2011.

A MEDIA CONTENT ON DVD

Footnote Reference:
KERSHNER, I. (Director): Star Wars Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back (1980 & 2004 Versions, 2-Disc Widescreen Edition). [DVD]. Los Angeles : Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, 2006.

Reference in Bibliography
KERSHNER, I. (Director): Star Wars Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back (1980 & 2004 Versions, 2-Disc Widescreen Edition). [DVD]. Los Angeles : Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, 2006.